Bibliography

Plague Studies: A Preliminary Bibliography

Last updated 7/9/2020

Aberth, John. From the Brink of the Apocalypse: Confronting Famine, War, Plague, and Death in the Later Middle Ages. New York: Routledge, 2000.

———. Plagues in World History. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2011.

Agnellus, of Ravenna Abbot, and Deborah Mauskopf Deliyannis. Agnelli Ravennatis Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis Turnhout: Brepols, 2006.

Alexander, John T. Bubonic Plague in Early Modern Russia: Public Health & Urban Disaster. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.

Alfani, Guido. “The Effects of Plague on the Distribution of Property: Ivrea, Northern Italy 1630.” Population Studies 64, no. 1 (2010): 61-75.

Alfani, Guido, and Tommy E. Murphy. “Plague and Lethal Epidemics in the Pre-Industrial World.” the Journal of economic History 77, no. 1 (2017): 314-43.

Alfani, Guido, and Marco Percoco. “Plague and Long‐Term Development: The Lasting Effects of the 1629–30 Epidemic on the Italian Cities.” The Economic History Review 72, no. 4 (2019): 1175-201.

Almond, Ian. “Leibniz, Historicism, and the “Plague of Islam”.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 39, no. 4 (2006): 463-83.

Andam, Cheryl P., Colin J. Worby, Qiuzhi Chang, and Michael G. Campana. “Microbial Genomics of Ancient Plagues and Outbreaks.” Trends in microbiology 24, no. 12 (2016): 978-90.

Andrianaivoarimanana, Voahangy, Katharina Kreppel, Nohal Elissa, Jean-Marc Duplantier, Elisabeth Carniel, Minoarisoa Rajerison, and Ronan Jambou. “Understanding the Persistence of Plague Foci in Madagascar.” PLoS neglected tropical diseases 7, no. 11 (2013): e2382.

Antoine, Daniel. “The Archaeology of “Plague”.” [In eng]. Medical history. Supplement, no. 27 (2008): 101-14.

Antoniou, Ioannis, and Anastasios K. Sinakos. “The Sixth-Century Plague, Its Repeated Appearance until 746 Ad and the Explosion of the Rabaul Volcano.” Byzantinische Zeitschrift 98, no. 1 (2005): 1-4.

———. “The Sixth-Century Plague, Its Repeated Appearance until 746 Ad and the Explosion of the Rabaul Volcano.” Byzantinische Zeitschrift 98, no. 1 (2005): 1-4.

Ari, Tamara Ben, Alexander Gershunov, Kenneth L Gage, Tord Snäll, Paul Ettestad, Kyrre L Kausrud, and Nils Chr Stenseth. “Human Plague in the USA: The Importance of Regional and Local Climate.” Biology letters 4, no. 6 (2008): 737-40.

Ari, Tamara Ben, Simon Neerinckx, Kenneth L Gage, Katharina Kreppel, Anne Laudisoit, Herwig Leirs, and Nils Chr Stenseth. “Plague and Climate: Scales Matter.” PLoS pathogens 7, no. 9 (2011): e1002160.

Ari, Tamara Ben, Simon Neerinckx, Kenneth L. Gage, Katharina Kreppel, Anne Laudisoit, Herwig Leirs, and Nils Chr Stenseth. “Plague and Climate: Scales Matter.” PLoS pathogens 7, no. 9 (2011): e1002160.

———. “Plague and Climate: Scales Matter.” PLoS pathogens 7, no. 9 (2011): e1002160.

Bachrach, Bernard S. “Plague, Population, and Economy in Merovingian Gaul.” Journal of the Australian Early Medieval Association 3 (2007): 29.

Bagnall, Roger S. “The Antonine Plague Returns.” Journal of Roman Archaeology 26 (2013): 714-17.

Bagnall, Roger S. “The Effects of Plague: Model and Evidence.”  (2002).

Bagnall, Roger S. “P. Oxy. 4527 and the Antonine Plague in Egypt: Death or Flight?”. Journal of Roman Archaeology 13 (2000): 288-92.

Baltazard, M., M. Bahmanyar, P. Mostachfi, M. Eftekhari, and Ch. Mofidi. “Recherches Sur La Peste En Iran.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 23, no. 2-3 (1960): 141-55.

Baltazard, M., and B. Seydian. “Enquête Sur Les Conditions De La Peste Au Moyen-Orient.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 23, no. 2-3 (1960): 157-67.

Barbieri, Rémi, M. Drancourt, and D. Raoult. “Plague, Camels, and Lice.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, no. 16 (2019): 7620-21.

Barbieri, Remi, Rania Mekni, Anthony Levasseur, Eric Chabriere, Michel Signoli, Stefan Tzortzis, Gerard Aboudharam, and Michel Drancourt. “Paleoproteomics of the Dental Pulp: The Plague Paradigm.” PloS one 12, no. 7 (2017).

———. “Paleoproteomics of the Dental Pulp: The Plague Paradigm.” PloS one 12, no. 7 (2017).

Barker, Sheila. “Poussin, Plague, and Early Modern Medicine.” The Art Bulletin 86, no. 4 (2004): 659-89.

Barrett, Thomas, Paul-Pierre Pastoret, William P Taylor, Gordon Scott, and Alain Provost. Rinderpest and Peste Des Petits Ruminants: Virus Plagues of Large and Small Ruminants. Burlington, MA: Academic, 2006.

Barrett, Thomas, and Paul-Pierre Barrett Rossiter. “Rinderpest: The Disease and Its Impact on Humans and Animals.” Advances in Virus Research 53 (1999): 89-110.

Barton, A. “Plagues and Contagions in Antiquity.” Journal of the AMerican Veterinary Medicine Association 129, no. 11 (1956): 503-5.

Benedictow, Ole. What Disease Was Plague?: On the Controversy over the Microbiological Identity of Plague Epidemics of the Past. Brill, 2011.

Benedictow, Ole Jørgen. “5 the Spread of the Black Death in Norway: Revisionists, Spread Rates, Alternative Microbiological Theories and the Role of Mutation: Discussion with Kåre Lunden and Lars Walløe.” In The Black Death and Later Plague Epidemics in the Scandinavian Countries:, edited by Ole Jørgen Benedictow, 307-43: Sciendo Migration, 2016.

———. The Black Death, 1346–1353: The Complete History. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell, 2004.

Benedictow, Ole J. The Black Death: 1346-1353. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: Boydell, 2004.

Benedictow, Ole J. “Morbidity in Historical Plague Epidemics.” Population Studies 41, no. 3 (1987): 401-31.

Benedictow, Ole Jørgen. “Morbidity in Historical Plague Epidemics.” Population Studies 41, no. 3 (1987): 401-31.

Benovitz, Nancy. “The Justinianic Plague: Evidence from the Dated Greek Epitaphs of Byzantine Palestine and Arabia.” Journal of Roman Archaeology 27 (2014): 487-98.

Bergolt, Klaus. Der Schwarze Tod in Europa: Die Grosse Pest Und Das Ende Des Mittelalters. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1994.

Bianucci, Raffaella, Lila Rahalison, Alberto Peluso, Emma Rabino Massa, Ezio Ferroglio, Michel Signoli, Jean-Yves Langlois, and Véronique Gallien. “Plague Immunodetection in Remains of Religious Exhumed from Burial Sites in Central France.” Journal of Archaeological Science 36, no. 3 (2009): 616-21.

Bilich, Richard Christian. “Climate Change and the Great Plague Pandemics of History: Causal Link between Global Climate Fluctuations and Yersinia Pestis Contagion?”, University of New Orleans, 2007.

Biraben, J. N. “Rapport: La Peste Du Vie Siecle Dans L’empire Byzantin.” In Hommes Et Richesses Dans L’empire Byzantin, edited by Catherine Abadie-Reynal, Claude Lepelley, Roland Delmaire and Jean-Charles Balty, 120-25. Paris: Lethielleux, 1989.

Biraben, Jean-Nodl, and Jacques Le Goff. “The Plague in the Early Middle Ages.” In Biology of Man in History: Selections from the Annales: Economics, Sociétés, Civilisations, 48-80, 1975.

Blancou, Jean. Histoire De La Surveillance Et Du Contrôle Des Maladies Animales Transmissibles. Office international des épizooties2000.

———. History of the Surveillance and Control of Transmissible Animal Diseases. Paris: Office international des épizooties, 2003.

———. “Les Anciennes Méthodes De Surveillance Et De Contrôle De La Morve “. Bulletin de la Societé Vétérinaire Pratique de France 78, no. 1 (1994): 35-54.

Blocker, Ariel, Kaoru Komoriya, and Shin-Ichi Aizawa. “Type Iii Secretion Systems and Bacterial Flagella: Insights into Their Function from Structural Similarities.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100, no. 6 (2003): 3027-30.

Bollet, Alfred Jay. Plagues and Poxes: The Impact of Human History on Epidemic Disease. New York: Demos Health, 2004.

Bonds, Matthew H, Mohammed A Ouenzar, Andres Garchitorena, Laura F Cordier, Meg G McCarty, Michael L Rich, Benjamin Andriamihaja, Justin Haruna, and Paul E Farmer. “Madagascar Can Build Stronger Health Systems to Fight Plague and Prevent the Next Epidemic.” PLoS neglected tropical diseases 12, no. 1 (2018): e0006131.

Bonhomme, François, Eric Rivals, Annie Orth, Gemma R. Grant, Alec J. Jeffreys, and Philippe R. J. Bois. “Species-Wide Distribution of Highly Polymorphic Minisatellite Markers Suggests Past and Present Genetic Exchanges among House Mouse Subspecies.” Genome Biology 8, no. 5 (05/14

10/12/received

01/22/revised

05/14/accepted 2007): R80-R80.

Boroda, Krzysztof. “Plague and Changes in Medieval European Society and Economy in the 14th and 15th Centuries.” The Journal of Arts and Science 10, no. 1 (2008): 49-58.

Bramanti, Barbara, Amine Namouchi, Boris V. Schmid, Katharine R. Dean, and Nils Chr Stenseth. “Reply to Barbieri Et Al.: Out of the Land of Darkness: Plague on the Fur Trade Routes.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, no. 16 (2019): 7622-23.

Bray, R.S. Armies of Pestilence: The Impact of Disease on History New York: Barnes & Noble, 2000.

Brown, Peter. “”Mohammed and Charlemagne” by Henri Pirenne.” Daedalus 103, no. 1 (1974): 25-33.

Bruun, Christer. “The Antonine Plague and the ‘Third-Century Crisis’.” In Crises and the Roman Empire, 201-17: Brill, 2007.

———. “The Antonine Plague in Rome and Ostia.” Journal of Roman Archaeology 16 (2003): 426-34.

Burroughs, Tom, Stacey Knobler, and Joshua Lederberg. The Emergence of Zoonotic Diseases: Understanding the Impact on Animal and Human Health. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2002.

Butler, Thomas. “Plague Gives Surprises in the First Decade of the 21st Century in the United States and Worldwide.” The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 89, no. 4 (2013): 788-93.

Butler, T. “Plague History: Yersin’s Discovery of the Causative Bacterium in 1894 Enabled, in the Subsequent Century, Scientific Progress in Understanding the Disease and the Development of Treatments and Vaccines.” Clinical Microbiology and Infection 20, no. 3 (2014/03/01/ 2014): 202-09.

Callow, Chris, and Charles Evans. “The Mystery of Plague in Medieval Iceland.” Journal of Medieval History 42, no. 2 (2016): 254-84.

Carmichael, A. G. “Plague, Historical.” In Encyclopedia of Microbiology (Third Edition), edited by Schaechter Editor-in-Chief:  Moselio, 58-72. Oxford: Academic Press, 2009.

Carpentier, Élisabeth Carpentier. “Autour De La Peste Noire: Famines Et Épidémies Dans L’histoire Du Xive Siècle.” Annales. Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations 17 (1962): 1062-92.

Carroll, Serena A, Brian H Bird, Pierre E Rollin, and Stuart T Nichol. “Ancient Common Ancestry of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus.” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55, no. 3 (2010): 1103-10.

Cavanaugh, Dan C., and John D. Marshall Jr. “The Influence of Climate on the Seasonal Prevalence of Plague in the Republic of Vietnam.” Journal of Wildlife Diseases 8, no. 1 (1972): 85-94.

Chanteau, Suzanne, Lala Ratsifasoamanana, Bruno Rasoamanana, Lila Rahalison, Jean Randriambelosoa, Jean Roux, and Dieudonné Rabeson. “Plague, a Reemerging Disease in Madagascar.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 4, no. 1 (1998): 101.

Cheke, Anthony. “The Timing of Arrival of Humans and Their Commensal Animals on Western Indian Ocean Oceanic Islands.” Phelsuma 18 (2010): 38-69.

Cipolla, Carlo M. Cristofano and the Plague: A Study in the History of Public Health in the Age of Galileo. Univ of California Press, 1973.

Cohn Jr, Samuel J. . “The Black Death: End of a Paradigm.” American Historical Review 107, no. 3 (2002): 703-38.

Cohn Jr, Samuel K. “Epidemiology of the Black Death and Successive Waves of Plague.” Medical History. Supplement, no. 27 (2008): 74-100.

Cohn, Samuel Kline. Cultures of Plague: Medical Thinking at the End of the Renaissance. Oxford University Press, 2010.

Cohn, S.K., and L.T. Weaver. “The Black Death and Aids: Ccr5-Δ32 in Genetics and History.” QJM 99, no. 8 (2006): 497-503.

Conrad, L. “Taun and Waba: Conceptions of Plague and Pestilence in Early Islam.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 25, no. 3 (1982): 268-307.

Conrad, Lawrence I. “Arabic Plague Chronologies and Treatises: Social and Historical Factors in the Formation of a Literary Genre.” Studia islamica  (1981): 51-93.

———. “Epidemic Disease in Central Syria in the Late Sixth Century Some New Insights from the Verse of Ḥassān Ibn Thābit.” Byzantine and modern Greek studies 18 (1994): 12-59.

Conrad, L.I. “Epidemic Disease in Central Syria in the Late Sixth Century.  Some New Insights from the Verse of Hassan Ibn Thabit.” Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 18 (1994): 12-58.

Conrad, Lawrence I. The Plague in the Early Medieval near East. Princeton University, 1981.

Cornelis, Guy R. “Molecular and Cell Biology Aspects of Plague.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97, no. 16 (2000): 8778-83.

Corradi, Alfonso. Annali Delle Epidemie Occorse in Italia Dalle Prime Memorie Fino Al 1850. 8 vols. Bologna: Forni, 1972-1973.

Creighton, Charles. A History of Epidemics in Britain. 2 vols. London: Cass, 1965. 1891-94.

Dahlstrand, S., O. Ringertz, and B. Zetterberg. “Airborne Tularemia in Sweden.” Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 3, no. 1 (1971): 7-16.

D’Arrigo, Rosanne, David Frank, Gordon Jacoby, and Neil Pederson. “Spatial Response to Major Volcanic Events in or About Ad 536, 934 and 1258: Frost Rings and Other Dendrochronological Evidence from Mongolia and Northern Siberia: Comment on Rb Stothers,‘Volcanic Dry Fogs, Climate Cooling, and Plague Pandemics in Europe and the Middle East’(Climatic Change, 42, 1999).” Climatic Change 49, no. 1-2 (2001): 239-46.

———. “Spatial Response to Major Volcanic Events in or About Ad 536, 934 and 1258: Frost Rings and Other Dendrochronological Evidence from Mongolia and Northern Siberia: Comment on Rb Stothers,‘Volcanic Dry Fogs, Climate Cooling, and Plague Pandemics in Europe and the Middle East’(Climatic Change, 42, 1999).” Climatic Change 49, no. 1-2 (2001): 239-46.

Dean, Katharine R., Fabienne Krauer, Lars Walløe, Ole Christian Lingjærde, Barbara Bramanti, Nils Chr Stenseth, and Boris V. Schmid. “Human Ectoparasites and the Spread of Plague in Europe During the Second Pandemic.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115, no. 6 (2018): 1304-09.

Dennis, David T., and Paul S. Mead. “Yersinia Species, Including Plague.” In Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th Edition, edited by Gerald L. Mandell, John E. Bennett and Raphael Dolin, 2943-53. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingston/Elsevier, 2010.

Dieckerhoff, Wilhelm. Geschichte Der Rinderpest Und Ihrer Literatur; Beitrag Zur Geschichte Der Vergleichenden Pathologie. Berlin: Enslin, 1890.

Dols, Michael W. “Plague in Early Islamic History.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 94, no. 3 (1974): 371-83.

———. “The Second Plague Pandemic and Its Recurrences in the Middle East: 1347-1894.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient/Journal de l’histoire economique et sociale de l’Orient  (1979): 162-89.

Dos Santos Grácio, António J, and Maria Amélia A Grácio. “Plague in Madagascar.” SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 2018.

Drancourt, Michel, and Didier Raoult. “Genotyping Yersinia Pestis in Historical Plague.” The Lancet Infectious Diseases 11, no. 12 (2011): 894-95.

———. “Molecular History of Plague.” Clinical Microbiology and Infection 22, no. 11 (2016): 911-15.

Drancourt, M., V. Roux, L.V. Dang, L.  Tran-Hung, D Castex, and et al Chenal-Francisque V. “Genotyping, Orientalis-Like Yersinia Pestis, and Plague Pandemics.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 10, no. 9 (2004): 1585-92.

Drancourt, Michel, Véronique Roux, Lam Tran-Hung La Vu Dang, Dominique Castex, Viviane Chenal-Francisque, Hiroyuki Ogata, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Eric Crubézy, and Didier Raoult. “Genotyping, Orientalis-Like Yersinia Pestis, and Plague Pandemics.” Emerging infectious diseases 10, no. 9 (2004): 1585.

Drancourt, Michel, Michel Signoli, Bruno Bizot La Vu Dang, Véronique Roux, Stéfan Tzortzis, and Didier Raoult. “Yersinia Pestis Orientalis in Remains of Ancient Plague Patients.” Emerging infectious diseases 13, no. 2 (2007): 332.

———. “Yersinia Pestis Orientalis in Remains of Ancient Plague Patients.” Emerging infectious diseases 13, no. 2 (2007): 332.

Duffin, Christopher J. “Nathaniel Hodges (1629–1688): Plague Doctor.” Journal of Medical Biography 24, no. 1 (2016): 30-35.

Duncan, Christopher J., and Susan Scott. “What Caused the Black Death?”. Postgraduate Medical Journal 81 (2005): 315-20.

Eby, C.H., and H.D. Evjen. “The Plague at Athens: A New Oar in Muddied Water.” Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 17 (1962): 258-63.

Eisenberg, Merle, and Lee Mordechai. “The Justinianic Plague: An Interdisciplinary Review.” Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 43, no. 2 (2019): 156-80.

———. “The Justinianic Plague: An Interdisciplinary Review.” Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 43, no. 2 (2019): 156-80.

Elliott, Colin P. “The Antonine Plague, Climate Change and Local Violence in Roman Egypt.” Past & Present 231, no. 1 (2016): 3-31.

Engvild, K. C. “A Review of the Risks of Sudden Global Cooling and Its Effects on Agriculture.” Elsevier BV, http://orbit.dtu.dk/en/publications/a-review-of-the-risks-of-sudden-global-cooling-and-its-effects-on-agriculture(b34e3ed5-92bb-4f0a-8a45-c86b301f53af).html

http://orbit.dtu.dk/en/publications/a-review-of-the-risks-of-sudden-global-cooling-and-its-effects-on-agriculture(b34e3ed5-92bb-4f0a-8a45-c86b301f53af).html Materials specified:Item Resolution URL Instruction: Put this Resolution URL in a web browser to view this item.

Evans, M.E., Gregory D.W., Schaffner W., and McGee Z.A. “Tularemia: A 30-Year Experience with 88 Cases.” Medicine 64, no. 4 (1985): 251-69.

Fabbri, Christiane Nockels. “Treating Medieval Plague: The Wonderful Virtues of Theriac.” Early Science and Medicine 12, no. 3 (2007): 247-83.

Farrell, Joseph. Vergil’s Georgics and the Traditions of Ancient Epic: The Art of Allusion in Literary History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Fears, J. Rufus. “The Plague under Marcus Aurelius and the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.” Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 18, no. 1 (3// 2004): 65-77.

Feldman, Michal, Michaela Harbeck, Marcel Keller, Maria A Spyrou, Andreas Rott, Bernd Trautmann, Holger C Scholz, et al. “A High-Coverage Yersinia Pestis Genome from a Sixth-Century Justinianic Plague Victim.” Molecular biology and evolution 33, no. 11 (2016): 2911-23.

Flintoff, Everard. “The Noric Cattle Plague.” Quaderni Urbinati di Cultura Classica 13, no. 1 (1983): 85-111.

Friede, Juan. “Demographic Changes in the Mining Community of Muzo after the Plague of 1629.” Hispanic American Historical Review 47, no. 3 (1967): 338-43.

Fuller, Dorian Q, and Nicole Boivin. “Crops, Cattle and Commensals across the Indian Ocean. Current and Potential Archaeobiological Evidence.” Etudes Ocean Indien, no. 42-43 (2009): 13-46.

Galloway, J. H. “The Mediterranean Sugar Industry.” Geographical Review 67, no. 2 (1977): 177-94.

Gândilă, Andrei. “Heavy Money, Weightier Problems: The Justinianic Reform of 538 and Its Economic Consequences.” Revue Numismatique 6, no. 168 (2012): 363-402.

Geobey, Sean, and Katharine A. McGowan. “Panarchy, Ontological and Epistemological Phenomena, and the Plague.” Ecology & Society 24, no. 4 (12// 2019): 1-11.

Gilbert, M Thomas P, Jon Cuccui, William White, Niels Lynnerup, Richard W Titball, Alan Cooper, and Michael B Prentice. “Absence of Yersinia Pestis-Specific DNA in Human Teeth from Five European Excavations of Putative Plague Victims.” Microbiology 150, no. 2 (2004): 341-54.

Gilliam, James Frank. “The Plague under Marcus Aurelius.” American journal of Philology  (1961): 225-51.

Gratz, Norman. “Rodent Reservoirs and Flea Vectors of Natural Foci of Plague.” Plague manual: epidemiology, distribution, surveillance and control 6 (1999).

Greenberg, James. “Plagued by Doubt: Reconsidering the Impact of a Mortality Crisis in the 2nd C. Ad.” Journal of Roman Archaeology 16 (2003): 413-25.

Gutsmiedl-Schümann, Doris, Bernd Päffgen, Heiner Schwarzberg, Marcel Keller, Andreas Rott, and Michaela Harbeck. “Digging up the Plague: A Diachronic Comparison of Adna Confirmed Plague Burials and Associated Burial Customs in Germany.” Praehistorische Zeitschrift 92, no. 2 (2018): 405-27.

Haeser, Heinrich. Geschichte Der Epidemischen Krankheiten Im Lehrbuch Der Geschichte Der Medizin Und Der Epidemischen Krankheiten. 3 vols. Vol. 1, Jena, Germany: Hermann Dufft, 1875-1882.

———. Geschichte Der Epidemischen Krankheiten Im Lehrbuch Der Geschichte Der Medizin Und Der Epidemischen Krankheiten. 3 vols. Vol. 2, Jena, Germany: Hermann Dufft, 1875-1882.

———. Geschichte Der Epidemischen Krankheiten Im Lehrbuch Der Geschichte Der Medizin Und Der Epidemischen Krankheiten. 3 vols. Vol. 3, Jena, Germany: Hermann Dufft, 1875-1882.

Haldon, John, Hugh Elton, Sabine R. Huebner, Adam Izdebski, Lee Mordechai, and Timothy P. Newfield. “Plagues, Climate Change, and the End of an Empire. A Response to Kyle Harper’s the Fate of Rome (2): Plagues and a Crisis of Empire.” History Compass 16, no. 12 (2018/12/01 2018): e12506.

———. “Plagues, Climate Change, and the End of an Empire: A Response to Kyle Harper’s the Fate of Rome (1): Climate.” History Compass 16, no. 12 (2018/12/01 2018): e12508.

———. “Plagues, Climate Change, and the End of an Empire: A Response to Kyle Harper’s the Fate of Rome (3): Disease, Agency, and Collapse.” History Compass 16, no. 12 (2018/12/01 2018): e12507.

Harbeck, Michaela, Lisa Seifert, Stephanie Hänsch, David M Wagner, Dawn Birdsell, Katy L Parise, Ingrid Wiechmann, et al. “Yersinia Pestis DNA from Skeletal Remains from the 6th Century Ad Reveals Insights into Justinianic Plague.” PLoS pathogens 9, no. 5 (2013): e1003349.

Harper, Kyle. The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, and the End of an Empire. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017.

———. “Pandemics and Passages to Late Antiquity: Rethinking the Plague of C. 249–270 Described by Cyprian.” Journal of Roman Archaeology 28 (2015): 223-60.

———. “Pandemics and Passages to Late Antiquity: Rethinking the Plague of C. 249–270 Described by Cyprian.” Journal of Roman Archaeology 28 (2015): 223-60.

———. “People, Plagues, and Prices in the Roman World: The Evidence from Egypt.” The Journal of Economic History 76, no. 3 (2016): 803-39.

Harrison, E.L. “The Noric Plague in Vergil’s Third Georgics.” In Papers of the Liverpool Latin Seminar. Second Volume 1979. Vergil and Roman Elegy, Medieval Latin Poetry and Prose, Greek Lyric and Drama, edited by Francis Cairns. Arca Classical and Medieval Texts, Papers and Monographs, 1-65. Liverpool: Francis Cairns, 1979.

Hashemi Shahraki, Abdolrazagh, Elizabeth Carniel, and Ehsan Mostafavi. “Plague in Iran: Its History and Current Status.” Epidemiology and Health 38 (07/24

07/03/received

07/24/accepted 2016): e2016033.

Hatcher, John. Plague, Population and the English Economy 1348-1530. Published for the Economic History Society by Macmillan & Co., 1977.

Hawkins, Duncan. “The Black Death and the New London Cemeteries of 1348.” Antiquity 64, no. 244 (1990): 637-42.

Hirschfeld, Y. “The Crisis of the Sixth Century: Climatic Change, Natural Disasters, and the Plague.” Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 6, no. 1 (2006): 19-32.

Holmes, Chris. Spores, Plagues and History: The Story of Anthrax. Dallas, TX: Durban House Pub., 2003.

Hopla, C.E. “The Ecology of Tularemia.” Advances in Veterinary Sciences and Comparative Medicine 18 (1974): 25-53.

Horrox, Rosemay. The Black Death. Vol. 1, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994.

Hussel, Lothar. Die Rinderpest. Leipzig: Hirzel, 1960.

Jansen, Katherine Ludwig, Joanna H Drell, and Frances Andrews. Medieval Italy: Texts in Translation. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.

John of Ephesus. The Third Part of the Ecclesiastical History of John, Bishop of Ephesus. Translated by R Payne Smith. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1860.

Karlsson, Gunnar. “Plague without Rats: The Case of Fifteenth-Century Iceland.” Journal of Medieval History 22, no. 3 (1996): 263-84.

———. “Plague without Rats: The Case of Fifteenth-Century Iceland.” Journal of Medieval History 22, no. 3 (1996): 263-84.

Kartman, Leo, and Frank M. Prince. “Studies on Pasteurella Pestis in Fleas. V. The Experimental Plague-Vector Efficiency of Wild Rodent Fleas Compared with Xenopsylla Cheopis, Together with Observations on the Influence of Temperature “. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1956, no. 5 (1956): 1058-70.

Kartman, L., F.M. Prince, S.F. Quan, and H.E. Stark. “New Knowledge on the Ecology of Sylvatic Plague.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 70, no. 3 (1958): 668-711.

Kausrud, Kyrre L, Mike Begon, Tamara B Ari, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Jan Esper, Ulf Büntgen, Herwig Leirs, et al. “Modeling the Epidemiological History of Plague in Central Asia: Palaeoclimatic Forcing on a Disease System over the Past Millennium.” BMC biology 8, no. 1 (2010): 112.

Kausrud, Kyrre Linné, Hildegunn Viljugrein, Arnoldo Frigessi, Mike Begon, Stephen Davis, Herwig Leirs, Vladimir Dubyanskiy, and Nils Chr Stenseth. “Climatically Driven Synchrony of Gerbil Populations Allows Large-Scale Plague Outbreaks.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 274, no. 1621 (2007): 1963-69.

Keeling, MJ, and CA Gilligan. “Bubonic Plague: A Metapopulation Model of a Zoonosis.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences 267, no. 1458 (2000): 2219-30.

Keim, Paul S, and David M Wagner. “Humans and Evolutionary and Ecological Forces Shaped the Phylogeography of Recently Emerged Diseases.” Nature Reviews Microbiology 7, no. 11 (2009): 813-21.

Keller, Marcel, Maria A. Spyrou, Christiana L. Scheib, Gunnar U. Neumann, Andreas Kröpelin, Brigitte Haas-Gebhard, Bernd Päffgen, et al.“Ancient Yersinia Pestis Genomes from across Western Europe Reveal Early Diversification During the First Pandemic (541–750).” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences  (2019): 201820447.

Kelly, John. The Great Mortality: An Intimate History of the Black Death, the Most Devastating Plague of All Time. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2005.

Kennedy, Hugh. “Justinianic Plague in Syria and the Archaeological Evidence.” In Plague and the End of Antiquity: The Pandemic of 541-750, edited by Lester K. Little, 87-95. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Keys, David. Catastrophe: An Investigation into the Origins of the Modern World. Ballantine Books, 2000.

Kiple, Kenneth F. The Cambridge World History of Human Disease. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Kohn, George C. Encyclopedia of Plague and Pestilence: From Ancient Times to the Present. Infobase Publishing, 2007.

Kousoulis, Antonis A., Konstantinos P. Economopoulos, Effie Poulakou-Rebelakou, George Androutsos, and Sotirios Tsiodras. “The Plague of Thebes, a Historical Epidemic in Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex.” Emerging infectious diseases 18, no. 1 (2012): 153-57.

Kreppel, Katharina S, Sandra Telfer, Minoarisoa Rajerison, Andy Morse, and Matthew Baylis. “Effect of Temperature and Relative Humidity on the Development Times and Survival of Synopsyllus Fonquerniei and Xenopsylla Cheopis, the Flea Vectors of Plague in Madagascar.” Parasites & vectors 9, no. 1 (2016): 82.

Kugeler, K.J., P.S. Mead, A.M. Janusz, J.E. Staples, K.A. Kubota, L.G. Chalcraft, and J.M. Petersen. “Molecular Epidemiology of Francisella Tularensis in the United States.”. Clinical Infectious Diseases 48 (2009): 863-70.

Kulikowski, Michael. “Plague in Spanish Late Antiquity.” Plague and the End of Antiquity  (2006): 150.

Latham, Baldwin. “The Climatic Conditions Necessary for the Propagation and Spread of Plague.” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 26, no. 113 (1900): 37-94.

Lathem, Wyndham W., Seth D. Crosby, Virginia L. Miller, and William E. Goldman. “Progression of Primary Pneumonic Plague: A Mouse Model of Infection, Pathology, and Bacterial Transcriptional Activity.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102, no. 49 (2005): 17786-91.

Lefevre, Pierre -Charles, Jean Blancou, and Rene Chermette. Infectious and Parasitic Diseases of Livestock. Paris: Lavoisier, 2010.

Leven, K. H. “Kaiser, Komet Und Katastrophe – Die «Justinianische» Pest Und Das Ende Der Antike [Emperor, Comet and Catastrophy – the <<Justinianic>> Plague and the End of Antiquity].” [In ger]. Praxis 97, no. 24 (Dec 3 2008): 1287-91.

Liston, William G. “Plague, Rats, and Fleas.” Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 16 (1904): 253-74.

———. “Plague, Rats, and Fleas.” Indian Medical Gazette 40 (1905): 43-49.

———. “Some Observations on Fleas and Some Facts Which Would Appear to Associate These Insects with the Spread of Plague.” Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay 7 (1903): 8-22.

Little, Lester K. Plague and the End of Antiquity: The Pandemic of 541-750. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Littman, Robert J. “The Plague of Athens: Epidemiology and Paleopathology.” Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine: A Journal of Translational and Personalized Medicine: A Journal of Translational and Personalized Medicine 76, no. 5 (2009): 456-67.

Littman, Robert J, and Maxwell L Littman. “Galen and the Antonine Plague.” American journal of Philology  (1973): 243-55.

Loparev, C. “Athlesis Tou Hagiou Modestou Archiepiscopou Ierosolumnon.” Pamyatniki Drevvnei Pis ‘Mennosti XCI (1892): 15-54.

Lorch, Jacob. “Latham on the Ethiology of Plague, 1900.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 39 (1965): 79.

Lotfy, Wael M. “Plague in Egypt: Disease Biology, History and Contemporary Analysis: A Minireview.” Journal of advanced research 6, no. 4 (2015): 549-54.

Lyons, C. Rick, and Terry H. Wu. “Animal Models of Francisella Tularensis Infection.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 105 (2007): 238-65.

Maddicott, J. R. “Plague in Seventh-Century England.” Past & Present, no. 156 (1997): 7-54.

Maguire, Cathal Mac Maghnusa, Rory O’Cassidy, W. M. Hennessy, and Batholomew MacCarthy. Annala Uladh. Annals of Ulster, Otherwise, Annala Senait, Annals of Senat; a Chronicle of Irish Affairs from A.D. 431, to A.D. 1540 London: H.M. Stationery Off., by A. Thom & Co., 1901.

Malek, Maliya Alia, Idir Bitam, and Michel Drancourt. “Plague in Arab Maghreb, 1940–2015: A Review.” Frontiers in public health 4 (2016): 112.

Manfredini, Matteo, Sergio De Iasio, and Enzo Lucchetti. “The Plague of 1630 in the Territory of Parma: Outbreak and Effects of a Crisis.” International Journal of Anthropology 17, no. 1 (2002): 41-57.

Manley, Jennifer. “Measles and Ancient Plagues: A Note on New Scientific Evidence.” Classical World 107, no. 3 (2014): 393-97.

———. “Measles and Ancient Plagues: A Note on New Scientific Evidence.” Classical World 107, no. 3 (2014): 393-97.

Martin, Gregory J., and Arthur M. Friedlander. “Bacillus Anthracis (Anthrax).” In Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th Edition, edited by Gerald L. Mandell, John E. Bennett and Raphael Dolin. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingston/Elsevier, 2010.

Martín-Serradilla, Jose I., Angel L. Guerrero-Peral, and Elena Laherrán. “Was the ‘Hittite Plague’ an Epidemic of Tularemia?”. Medical Hypotheses 71, no. 1 (2008): 1371-74.

McCormick, Michael. “Rats, Communications, and Plague: Toward an Ecological History.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 34, no. 1 (2003): 1-25.

McNeil, Jr., Donald G. . “Rinderpest, Scourge of Cattle, Is Vanquished.” The New York Times, June 27, 2011 2011.

McVaugh, Michael R., and Michael Rogers McVaugh. Medicine before the Plague: Practitioners and Their Patients in the Crown of Aragon, 1285-1345. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Mead, Paul S. “Plague in Madagascar—a Tragic Opportunity for Improving Public Health.” New England Journal of Medicine 378, no. 2 (2018): 106-08.

Meier, Mischa. “Beobachtungen Zu Den Sogenannten Pestschilderungen Bei Thukydides Ii 47-54 Und Bei Prokop, Bell. Pers. Ii 22-23.” Tyche 14 (1999): 177-210.

———. Das Andere Zeitalter Justinians: Kontingenzerfahrung Und Kontingenzbewältigung Im 6. Jahrhundert N. Chr. Vol. 147: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2003.

———. “Der Christliche Kaiser Zieht (Nicht) in Den Krieg.› Religionskriege‹ in Der Spätantike?”. In Krieg Und Christentum, edited by Andreas Holzem, 254-78. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2009.

———. “Eschatologie Und Kommunikation Im 6. Jahrhundert N. Chr. – Oder: Wie Osten Und Westen Beständig Aneinander Vorbei Redeten.” In Endzeiten: Eschatologie in Den Monotheistischen Weltreligionen, edited by Wolfram Brandes and Felicitas Schmieder, 41-73: Walter de Gruyter, 2008.

———. Geschichte Der Völkerwanderung: Europa, Asien Und Afrika Vom 3. Bis Zum 8. Jahrhundert N. Chr. Munich: München CH Beck, 2019.

———. “The ‘Justinianic Plague’: An “Inconsequential Pandemic”? A Reply.”  (2020).

———. “The ‘Justinianic Plague’: The Economic Consequences of the Pandemic in the Eastern Roman Empire and Its Cultural and Religious Effects.” Early Medieval Europe 24, no. 3 (2016): 267-92.

———. “The ‘Justinianic Plague’: The Economic Consequences of the Pandemic in the Eastern Roman Empire and Its Cultural and Religious Effects.” Early Medieval Europe 24, no. 3 (2016): 267-92.

———. “The ‘Justinianic Plague’: The Economic Consequences of the Pandemic in the Eastern Roman Empire and Its Cultural and Religious Effects.” Early Medieval Europe 24, no. 3 (2016): 267-92.

———. “Kaiserherrschaft Und” Volksfrömmigkeit” Im Konstantinopel Des 6. Jahrhunderts N. Chr. Die Verlegung Der Hypapante Durch Justinian Im Jahr 542.” Historia: Zeitschrift fur Alte Geschichte  (2002): 89-111.

———. Pest: Die Geschichte Eines Menschheitstraumas. Klett-Cotta, 2005.

———. “Prokop, Agathias, Die Pest Und Das, Ende ‘Der Antiken Historiographie.” Historische Zeitschrift 278, no. 1 (2004): 281-310.

———. “Sind Wir Nicht Alle Heilig? Zum Konzept Des “Heiligen” (Sacrum) in Spätjustinianischer Zeit.” Millennium 1 (2004): 133-64.

———. “Zur Neukonzeption Chronologisch-Eschatologischer Modelle Im Oströmischen Reich Des 6. Jh. N. Chr. Ein Beitrag Zur Mentalitätsgeschichte Der Spätantike.” In Der Kalender. Aspekte Einer Geschichte, edited by Wilhelm Geerlings, 151-81. Paderborn, 2002.

Mengel, David C. “A Plague on Bohemia? Mapping the Black Death.” Past & present 211, no. 1 (2011): 3-34.

Migne, J. -P. Patrologiae Cursus Completus. Series Graeca. Pg 39: Didymus the Blind, Amphilochius Iconiensis, Nectarius. 221 vols. Vol. 19, Paris: Apud Garnieri Fratres, 1863.

———. Patrologiae Cursus Completus. Series Latina, 19. 221 vols. Vol. 19, Paris: Apud Garnieri Fratres, 1846.

Mikhail, Alan. “The Nature of Plague in Late Eighteenth-Century Egypt.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 82, no. 2 (2008): 249-75.

Miller, Edward, R. H. Britnell, and John Hatcher, eds. Progress and Problems in Medieval England: Essays in Honour of Edward Miller. Cambridge

New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Modlin, John F. “Coxsackieviruses, Echoviruses, Newer Enteroviruses, and Parechoviruses.” Chap. 164 In Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th Edition, edited by Gerald L. Mandell, John E. Bennett and Raphael Dolin, 2353-65. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingston/Elsevier, 2010.

Monecke, Stefan, Hannelore Monecke, and Jochen Monecke. “Modelling the Black Death. A Historical Case Study and Implications for the Epidemiology of Bubonic Plague.” International Journal of Medical Microbiology 299, no. 8 (2009/12/01/ 2009): 582-93.

Mordechai, Lee, and Merle Eisenberg. “Rejecting Catastrophe: The Case of the Justinianic Plague.” Past & Present 244, no. 1 (2019): 3-50.

Mordechai, Lee, Merle Eisenberg, Timothy P. Newfield, Adam Izdebski, Janet E. Kay, and Hendrik Poinar. “The Justinianic Plague: An Inconsequential Pandemic?”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, no. 51 (2019): 25546-54.

———. “The Justinianic Plague: An Inconsequential Pandemic?”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, no. 51 (2019): 25546.

Morens, David M., and Robert J. Littman. “Epidemiology of the Plague of Athens.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 122 (1992): 271-304.

Morony, Michael. “Michael the Syrian as a Source for Economic History.” Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies [http://syrcom.cua.edu/syrcom/Hugoye] 3, no. 2 (2000).

Morony, Michael G. “”For Whom Does the Writer Write?’: The First Bubonic Plague Pandemic According to Syriac Sources.” In Plague and the End of Antiquity: The Pandemic of 541-750, edited by Lester K. Little, 59-86. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Newfield, T. “Domesticates, Disease and Climate in Early Post-Classical Europe: The Cattle Plague of C. 940 and Its Environmental Context.” Post-Classical Archaeologies 5 (2015): 95-126.

Newfield, Timothy P. “Human–Bovine Plagues in the Early Middle Ages.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 46, no. 1 (2015): 1-38.

———. “Human–Bovine Plagues in the Early Middle Ages.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 46, no. 1 (2015): 1-38.

———. “Livestock Plagues in Late Antiquity, with a Disassembling of the Bovine Panzootic of Ad 376-386.” Journal of Roman Archaeology 30 (2017): 490-508.

———. “Mysterious and Mortiferous Clouds. The Climate Cooling and Disease Burden of Late Antiquity.” In Environment and Society in the Long Late Antiquity, edited by Adam Izdebski and Michael Mulryan, 89-115. Leiden: Brill, 2018.

Oldstone, Michael B A. Viruses, Plagues, and History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Orent, Wendy. Plague: The Mysterious Past and Terrifying Future of the World’s Most Dangerous Disease. New York: Free Press, 2004.

Organization, World Health. “Plague-Madagascar, Global Alert and Response (Gar).” 2015.

Osterholtz, Anna J, Kathryn M Baustian, and Debra L Martin. Commingled and Disarticulated Human Remains. Springer, 2014.

Pamuk, Şevket, and Maya Shatzmiller. “Plagues, Wages, and Economic Change in the Islamic Middle East, 700–1500.” The Journal of Economic History 74, no. 1 (2014): 196-229.

Panagiotakopulu, Eva. “Pharaonic Egypt and the Origins of Plague.” Journal of Biogeography 31, no. 2 (2004): 269-75.

———. “Pharaonic Egypt and the Origins of Plague.” Journal of Biogeography 31, no. 2 (2004): 269-75.

Papagrigorakis, Manolis J., Christos Yapijakis, Philippos N. Synodinos, and Effie Baziotopoulou-Valavani. “DNA Examination of Ancient Dental Pulp Incriminates Typhoid Fever as a Probable Cause of the Plague of Athens.” International Journal of Infectious Diseases 10, no. 3 (2006): 206-14.

Pearson, Charlotte L., Carol B. Griggs, Peter I. Kuniholm, Peter W. Brewer, Tomasz Ważny, and LeAnn Canady. “Dendroarchaeology of the Mid-First Millennium Ad in Constantinople.” Journal of Archaeological Science 39, no. 11 (2012): 3402-14.

Pechous, R. D., V. Sivaraman, N. M. Stasulli, and W. E. Goldman. “Pneumonic Plague: The Darker Side of Yersinia Pestis.” [In eng]. Trends Microbiol 24, no. 3 (Mar 2016): 190-97.

Pechous, Roger D., Vijay Sivaraman, Nikolas M. Stasulli, and William E. Goldman. “Pneumonic Plague: The Darker Side of Yersinia Pestis.” Trends in microbiology 24, no. 3 (2016): 190-97.

Penn, Robert L. “Francisella Tularensis (Tularemia).” In Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th Edition, edited by Gerald L. Mandell, John E. Bennett and Raphael Dolin, 2927-37. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingston/Elsevier, 2010.

Peters, C.J. “Marburg and Ebola Virus Hemorrhagic Fevers.” Chap. 164 In Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th Edition, edited by Gerald L. Mandell, John E. Bennett and Raphael Dolin, 2259-63. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingston/Elsevier, 2010.

Pham, Hau V., Dat T. Dang, Nguyen N. Tran Minh, Nguyen D. Nguyen, and Tuan V. Nguyen. “Correlates of Environmental Factors and Human Plague: An Ecological Study in Vietnam.” International Journal of Epidemiology 38, no. 6 (2009): 1634-41.

Pormann, Peter E. Epidemics in Context: Greek Commentaries on Hippocrates in the Arabic Tradition. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2012.

Rakotoarisoa, A, T Ramihangihajason, C Ramarokoto, S Rahelinirina, A Halm, P Piola, M Ratsitorahina, and M Rajerison. “Bubonic Plague Outbreak Investigation in the Endemic District of Tsiroanomandidy-Madagascar, October 2014.” Journal of Case Reports and Studies 5, no. 1 (2017): 103.

Raoult, Didier, Nadjet Mouffok, Idir Bitam, Renaud Piarroux, and Michel Drancourt. “Plague: History and Contemporary Analysis.” Journal of Infection 66, no. 1 (2013): 18-26.

———. “Plague: History and Contemporary Analysis.” Journal of Infection 66, no. 1 (2013): 18-26.

Rascovan, Nicolás, Karl-Göran Sjögren, Kristian Kristiansen, Rasmus Nielsen, Eske Willerslev, Christelle Desnues, and Simon %J Cell Rasmussen. “Emergence and Spread of Basal Lineages of Yersinia Pestis During the Neolithic Decline.”  (2018).

Ratsitorahina, Mahery, Suzanne Chanteau, Lila Rahalison, Lala Ratsifasoamanana, and Pascal Boisier. “Epidemiological and Diagnostic Aspects of the Outbreak of Pneumonic Plague in Madagascar.” The Lancet 355, no. 9198 (2000): 111-13.

Renatus, Flavius Vegetius. Medicina Veterinaria. Translated by José María Robles Gómez. Madrid: Editorial Gredos, 1999.

Renatus, Publius Vegetius. Vegetius Renatus of the Distempers of Horses and of the Art of Curing Them: As Also of the Diseases of Oxen, and of the Remedies Proper for Them ; and of the Best Method to Preserve Them in Health, and Restore Them When Sick, and to Prevent the Spreading and Communication of Infectious Distempers, According to the Practice of the Ancient Romans. Translated into English by the Author of the Translation of Columella. 1748.

Richard, Vincent, Julia M Riehm, Perlinot Herindrainy, Rahelinirina Soanandrasana, Maherisoa Ratsitoharina, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Samuel Andrianalimanana, Holger C Scholz, and Minoarisoa Rajerison. “Pneumonic Plague Outbreak, Northern Madagascar, 2011.” Emerging infectious diseases 21, no. 1 (2015): 8.

Roberts, Leslie. “Echoes of Ebola as Plague Hits Madagascar.” American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2017.

Rubini, Mauro. “La Terribile Peste Di Giustiniano.” Archeologia viva 128 (2008): 50-55.

Ruediger, E.H. “Observations on the Cattle Plague.” The Philippine Journal of Science 4, no. B.5 (1909): 384-96.

Russell, Josiah C. “Late Ancient and Medieval Population.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 48, no. 3 (1958): 1-152.

———. “That Earlier Plague.” Demography 5, no. 1 (1968): 171-84.

Sabbatani, S., and S. Fiorino. “[the Antonine Plague and the Decline of the Roman Empire].” [In ita]. Infez Med 17, no. 4 (Dec 2009): 261-75.

Sabbatani, Sergio, Roberto Manfredi, and Sirio Fiorino. “La Peste Di Giustiniano (Seconda Parte) L’influenza Dell’epidemia Sulla Formazione Dell’impero Islamico.” The Infections in the History of Medicine 20, no. 3 (09// 2012): 217-32.

Samia, Noelle I, Kyrre Linné Kausrud, Hans Heesterbeek, Vladimir Ageyev, Mike Begon, Kung-Sik Chan, and Nils C Stenseth. “Dynamics of the Plague–Wildlife–Human System in Central Asia Are Controlled by Two Epidemiological Thresholds.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108, no. 35 (2011): 14527-32.

Sarris, Peter. “The Justinianic Plague: Origins and Effects.” Continuity and Change 17, no. 2 (2002): 169-82.

Schamiloglu, Uli. “The Rise of the Ottoman Empire: The Black Death in Medieval Anatolia and Its Impact on Turkish Civilization.” Views from the Edge, edited by Neguin Yavari, et al.(New York: Columbia University Press, 2004)  (2004): 255-79.

Scheidel, Walter. “A Model of Demographic and Economic Change in Roman Egypt after the Antonine Plague.” Journal of Roman Archaeology 15 (2002): 97-114.

———. “Roman Wellbeing and the Economic Consequences of The’antonine Plague’.” In L’impatto Della “Peste Antonina”, edited by E. Lo Cascio, 265-95. Bari: Edipuglia, 2009.

Schmid, Boris V, Ulf Büntgen, W Ryan Easterday, Christian Ginzler, Lars Walløe, Barbara Bramanti, and Nils Chr Stenseth. “Climate-Driven Introduction of the Black Death and Successive Plague Reintroductions into Europe.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112, no. 10 (2015): 3020-25.

Scott, Susan, and C.J. Duncan. Biology of Plagues: Evidence from Historical Populations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

———. Return of the Black Death: The World’s Greatest Serial Killer. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2004.

Sebbane, Florent, Clayton O. Jarrett, Donald Gardner, Daniel Long, and B. Joseph Hinnebusch. “Role of the Yersinia Pestis Plasminogen Activator in the Incidence of Distinct Septicemic and Bubonic Forms of Flea-Borne Plague.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103, no. 14 (2006): 5526-30.

Seibel, Val. “Die Große Pest Zur Zeit Justinians I. Und Die Ihr Voraus Und Zur Seite Gehenden Ungewöhnlichen Natur-Ereignisse :

Ein Beitrag Zur Geschichte Des Sechsten Jahrhunderts Christlicher Zeitrechnung.” 1857.

Shrewsbury, John Findlay Drew. A History of Bubonic Plague in the British Isles. London: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

Silver, Morris msilver nyc rr com. “The Plague under Commodus as an Unintended Consequence of Roman Grain Market Regulation.” Classical World 105, no. 2 (//Winter2012

Winter2012 2012): 199-225.

Simond, M., ML Godley, and PD Mouriquand. “Paul-Louis Simond and His Discovery of Plague Transmission by Rat Fleas: A Centenary.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 91, no. 2 (1998): 101-04.

Simpson, W.J. A Treatise on Plague, Dealing with the Historical, Epidemiological, Clinical, Therapeutic and Preventative Aspects of the Disease.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1905.

Sohysiak, Arkadiusz. “The Plague Pandemic and Slavic Expansion in the 6th-8th Centuries.”  (2006).

Spence, Karen. “The Epidemic That Killed Pericles: Contextual and Paleopathological Analysis of the 5th Century Bce Plague of Athens Via Primary Resources and Modern DNA Sequence-Based Identification Strategies of Dental Pulp from a Mass Grave at Kerameikos. A Novel Offering of Compelling Evidence of Avian Influenza as the Causative Agent of the Plague of Athens.”  (2013).

Spinage, C. A. Cattle Plague: A History. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2003.

Spyrou, Maria A, Rezeda I Tukhbatova, Michal Feldman, Joanna Drath, Sacha Kacki, Julia Beltrán de Heredia, Susanne Arnold, et al. “Historical Y. pestis Genomes Reveal the European Black Death as the Source of Ancient and Modern Plague Pandemics.” Cell Host & Microbe 19, no. 6 (2016/06/08/ 2016): 874-81.

Stanford, Kimberly A., and Jonathan Harris Valente. “Yersinia Pestis (Plague) Attack.” In Ciottone’s Disaster Medicine, 705-08: Elsevier, 2016.

Stathakopoulos, Dionysios. “The Justinianic Plague Revisited.” Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 24 (2000): 256-76.

———. “Travelling with the Plague.” In Travel in the Byzantine World, edited by R Macrides, 99-106. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002.

Stathakopoulos, Dionysios Ch. Famine and Pestilence in the Late Roman and Early Byzantine Empire: A Systematic Survey of Subsistence Crises and Epidemics. Aldershot, Hants, England: Ashgate, 2004.

Sternbach, George. “The History of Anthrax.” The Journal of Emergency Medicine 24, no. 4 (2003): 463-67.

Stothers, RichardB. “Volcanic Dry Fogs, Climate Cooling, and Plague Pandemics in Europe and the Middle East.” [In English]. Climatic Change 42, no. 4 (1999/08/01 1999): 713-23.

Stothers, Richard B. “Volcanic Dry Fogs, Climate Cooling, and Plague Pandemics in Europe and the Middle East.” Climatic change 42, no. 4 (1999): 713-23.

Strothers, Richard B. “Volcanic Dry Fogs, Climate Cooling, and Plague Pandemics in Europe and the Middle East.” Climatic Change 42 (1999): 713-23.

Sussman, George D. “Was the Black Death in India and China?”. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 85, no. 3 (2011): 319-55.

Swiderski, Richard M. Anthrax: A History. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2004.

Thi-Nguyen-Ny Tran, Michel Signoli, Luigi Fozzati, Gérard Aboudharam, Didier Raoult, and Michel Drancourt. “High Throughput, Multiplexed Pathogen Detection Authenticates Plague Waves in Medieval Venice, Italy.” PLoS One 6, no. 3 (2011).

———. “High Throughput, Multiplexed Pathogen Detection Authenticates Plague Waves in Medieval Venice, Italy.” PLoS One 6, no. 3 (2011).

Tollenaere, C, L Rahalison, M Ranjalahy, J-M Duplantier, S Rahelinirina, S Telfer, and Carine Brouat. “Susceptibility to Yersinia Pestis Experimental Infection in Wild Rattus Rattus, Reservoir of Plague in Madagascar.” EcoHealth 7, no. 2 (2010): 242-47.

Tran, Thi-Nguyen-Ny, Michel Signoli, Luigi Fozzati, Gérard Aboudharam, Didier Raoult, and Michel Drancourt. “High Throughput, Multiplexed Pathogen Detection Authenticates Plague Waves in Medieval Venice, Italy.” PLoS One 6, no. 3 (2011): e16735.

Trevisanato, Siro Igino. “The Biblical Plague of the Philistines Now Has a Name, Tularemia.” Medical Hypotheses 69 (2007): 1144-46.

———. “Did an Epidemic of Tularemia in Ancient Egypt Affect the Course of World History?”. Medical Hypotheses 63, no. 5 (2004): 905-10.

———. “The ‘Hittite Plague’, an Epidemic of Tularemia and the First Record of Biological Warfare.” Medical Hypotheses 69, no. 6 (2007): 1371-74.

Tsiamis, Costas, Effie Poulakou-Rebelakou, and Eleni Petridou. “The Red Sea and the Port of Clysma. A Possible Gate of Justinian’s Plague.” Gesnerus 66, no. 2 (2009): 209.

Turner, David. “The Politics of Despair: The Plague of 746-747 and Iconoclasm in the Byzantine Empire.” The Annual of the British School at Athens 85 (1990): 419-34.

Twigg, Graham. “Plague in London: Spatial and Temporal Aspects of Mortality.” Epidemic disease in London  (1993): 1-17.

Valsecchi, Maria Cristina. “Mass Plague Graves Found on Venice’quarantine’island.” National Geographic News, August 29 (2007).

van Minnen, Peter. “Deserted Villages. Two Late Antique Town Sites in Egypt.” Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 32 (1995): 41-56.

———. “P.Oxy Lxvi 4527 and the Antonine Plague in the Fayyum.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 135 (2001): 175-77.

Vanhuis, A. “Desert Locust Plagues.” [In English]. Endeavour 19, no. 3 (1995): 118-24.

Vaughn, David W., Alan Barrett, and Tom Solomon. “Flavivriuses (Yellow Fever, Dengue, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Japanese Encephalities, West Nile Encephalitis, St. Louis Encephalitis, Tick-Borne Encephalitis).” Chap. 153 In Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th Edition, edited by Gerald L. Mandell, John E. Bennett and Raphael Dolin, 2133-56. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingston/Elsevier, 2010.

Vicentini, Chiara Beatrice, Stefano Manfredini, Donatella Mares, Teresa Bonacci, Chiara Scapoli, Milvia Chicca, and Marco Pezzi. “Empirical “Integrated Disease Management” in Ferrara During the Italian Plague (1629–1631).” Parasitology International 75 (2020): 102046.

Wagner, David M., Jennifer Klunk, Michaela Harbeck, Alison Devault, Nicholas Waglechner, Jason W. Sahl, Jacob Enk, et al. “Yersinia Pestis and the Plague of Justinian 541–543 Ad: A Genomic Analysis.” The Lancet infectious diseases 14, no. 4 (2014): 319-26.

Wagner, David M., Jennifer Klunk, Michaela Harbeck, Alison Devault, Nicholas Waglechner, Jason W. Sahl, Jacob Enk, et al. “Yersinia Pestis and the Plague of Justinian 541-543 Ad: A Genomic Analysis.” The Lancet Infectious Diseases 14, no. 4 (2014): 1-8.

Waldron, HA. “Are Plague Pits of Particular Use to Palaeoepidemiologists?”. International Journal of Epidemiology 30, no. 1 (2001): 104-08.

Walløe, Lars. “Was the Disruption of the Mycenaean World Caused by Repeated Epidemics of Bubonic Plague?”. Opsucula Atheniensia 24 (1999): 121-6.

Welford, Mark. Geographies of Plague Pandemics: The Spatial-Temporal Behavior of Plague to the Modern Day. Routledge, 2018.

West, David. “Two Plagues: Virgil, Georgics 3.478-566 and Lucretius 6.1090-1286.” In Creative Imitation and Latin Literature, edited by David West and Tony Woodman, 71-88. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Whitby, Michael. The Ecclesiastical History of Evagrius Scholasticus. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press Liverpool, 2000.

White, Carolinne. Early Christian Latin Poets. Routledge, 2000.

———. Early Christian Latin Poets. London: Routledge, 2000.

Wilkinson, L.P. The Georgics of Virgil: A Critical Survey. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997.

Withington, John. A Disastrous History of the World. London2008.

Wohlsein, Peter, and Jeremiah Saliki. “Rinderpest and Peste Des Petits Ruminants — the Diseases: Clinical Signs and Pathology.” In Rinderpest and Peste Des Petits Ruminants: Virus Plagues of Large and Small Ruminants, edited by Thomas Barrett, Paul-Pierre Pastoret, William P Taylor, Gordon Scott and Alain Provost. Burlington, MA: Academic, 2006.

Wood, James, and Sharon DeWitte-Aviña. “Was the Black Death Yersinial Plague?”. The Lancet infectious diseases 3, no. 6 (2003): 327-28.

Woods, David. “Acorns, the Plague, and the ‘Iona Chronicle’ “. Peritia 17-18 (2003-2004): 495-502.

Wu, Lien-Teh. A Treatise on Pneumonic Plague. A Treatise on Pneumonic Plague. 1926.

Wylie, J. A. H., and H. W. Stubbs. “The Plague of Athens: 430-428 B. C. Epidemic and Epizoötic.” Classical Quarterly 33, no. 1 (1983): 6-11.

Xu, Lei, Leif Chr Stige, Kyrre Linné Kausrud, Tamara Ben Ari, Shuchun Wang, Xiye Fang, Boris V. Schmid, et al. “Wet Climate and Transportation Routes Accelerate Spread of Human Plague.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281, no. 1780 (2014): 20133159.

Yue, Ricci PH, Harry F Lee, and Connor YH Wu. “Navigable Rivers Facilitated the Spread and Recurrence of Plague in Pre-Industrial Europe.” Scientific reports 6 (2016): 34867.

Zimbler, Daniel L., Jay A. Schroeder, Justin L. Eddy, and Wyndham W. Lathem. “Early Emergence of Yersinia Pestis as a Severe Respiratory Pathogen.” Nature Communications 6, no. 1 (2015/06/30 2015): 7487.

Categories: Bibliography, featured, Plague

Tagged as:

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s